Blogpost from 2019 about all the different options with links to tools.
Math in Markdown github repo with comparison and useful links to tools.
Client side rendering
Quick setup. If only TeX input needed, then switch to tex-chtml combined component.
Configuration with inline script. Configure math delimiters.
How to define macros.
latex fragment Python package to render LaTeX to png for jupyter notebooks
bookish Python to convert markdown into html or LaTeX – the wrong way.
Madoko: .Net, written in koka, cloud-backed :-(, but renders into html.
plastex in Python, Tex -> XHTML.
pandoc. Haskell. Markdown + extensions (TeX) -> everything.